An evaluation team commissioned by the Kenya National Union of Teachers (KNUT) has strongly come against the continuation of the new education curriculum, Competency Based Curriculum (CBC), currently pushed for by the Jubilee government. In a Summative Evaluation Report on the pilot phase of CBC the experts recommended that the curriculum change should be stopped. The team of experts raised several issues in its report. ” Although everybody insists that they want curriculum reform, it is now clear that continuing with implementation of CBC will undermine the quality of education in the country” said part of the report. The report further clarified that implementation of the CBC was opposed by many stakeholders and experts and KNUT only agreed when the then education cabinet secretary Dr Fred Matiangi agreed to meet 3 conditions:
The Ministry of Education (MOE) prepares a Sessional Paper on Curriculum reform, appoints a team of qualified curriculum experts to conduct summative evaluation of the pilot phase of CBC and CBC is not rolled out before a national conference is held to build consensus for the curriculum reform. KNUT says the MOE did not keep its promise.
The report says that ”beyond unsubstantiated negative statements about the current school curriculum, no one has come up with a substantive reason why the country should adopt 2-6-3-3-3 system of education and competency-based curriculum framework”.
The evaluation report asks why UNICEF, the UN body that is pushing for the curriculum change, ”has put pressure on the Kenya Government to adopt a curriculum framework that has failed in Tanzania and why the Steering committee blindly adopted CBC framework without public participation and Sessional paper on it?”
The evaluation process was not completed because the education CS Prof George Magoha stopped it and threatened to arrest researchers. The research raised concerns of ”untold factors” in the hurried adoption of the CBC framework. It listed in its findings that pressure from Western countries, funding incentives from donor countries, cartels benefiting from CBC implementation and hidden political agenda is behind the CBC framework.
On whether competency was higher in schools where CBC was piloted, the evaluation team found that ”piloting phase has had no impact on the effectiveness of the implementation of CBC” which they said concurs with stakeholders views that ”the introduction of CBC has come too early without doing research to determine whether the curriculum can best work in Kenyan primary schools”.
In its Summative Report, the team recommends:
Implementation of CBC to be discontinued and Government to revert back to the National Education Sector Plan of 2015-2018.
MOE to drop CBC framework and adopt Outcome-based. framework which has been adopted by East African Universities.
CS education should hold consultation with teachers, teachers unions and academicians .